Types of Ailments Untreated Gum Disease Could Lead To
Posted on 5/24/2021 by Gwinnett Dental Implant & Periodontal Center
Poor oral hygiene is a leading but not the main cause of gum disease. Failure to brush and floss regularly will result in plaque buildup. Plaque encourages bacterial multiplication by acting as food for the bacteria. The result is swollen, red, and bleeding gums. If untreated, gum disease will continue advancing and cause bone and tooth loss. The disease also links to other health complications such as heart disease, diabetes, and stroke, which can be fatal.
Not everyone with gum disease has heart disease and vice versa. However, these two conditions are closely linked. This link is explained in terms of inflammation. If the bacteria from the mouth enter the bloodstream, they will find their way into the heart and cause inflammation to the heart blood vessels. In individuals with artificial valves, the damage could be severe and result in heart failure. According to research, individuals with gum disease also have a higher risk of a heart attack.
Bacteria causing pneumonia and lung disease can come from existing gum disease. Poor oral hygiene will worsen and encourage their multiplication. These bacteria may also accumulate on your restorations such as dentures and bridges. If they find their way into your lungs during inhalation, they will cause respiratory disease. The oral bacteria can also cause inflammation to your lung lining, limiting air passage to and from your lungs, resulting in breathing complications.
Gum disease is known to worsen diabetes, especially in individuals with type 2 diabetes. If bacteria causing gum disease find their way into your bloodstream, they will trigger an increase in blood sugar as the body tries to fight infection. This makes it difficult to control blood sugars, making diabetes severe. On the other hand, diabetes can make it hard for the body to fight off gum disease and other infections. Given the above complications of gum disease, you can stay safe by practicing good oral hygiene and visiting us regularly for exams and cleanings. For more details on gum disease and overall health, contact our office today.
Gwinnett Dental Implant & Periodontal Center
Dr. Melody J. Schiffer & Dr. Gary Greenwald Dr. Andrew Kurialacherry
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